Sakk EMBERISÉG : Huszonkét éve dobták le az elsö kísérleti atombombát a sakkra

22 years after the atomic bombs chess

Sakk EMBERISÉG : Huszonkét éve dobták le az elsö kísérleti atombombát a sakkra

10 February 1996 - The IBM supercomputer Deep Blue defeats Garry Kasparov for the first time.22 éve történt.

Az IBM szuperszámítógépe, a Deep Blue e napon verte meg először a sakkvilágbajnok Garri Kaszparovot. Ezt a mérkőzést végül a nagymester nyerte meg 4-2-re, de 1997 májusában már a Deep Blue győzött 3,5-2,5 arányban.

The 1996 match
Game # White Black Result Comment
1 Deep Blue Kasparov 1–0
2 Kasparov Deep Blue 1–0
3 Deep Blue Kasparov ½–½ Draw by mutual agreement
4 Kasparov Deep Blue ½–½ Draw by mutual agreement
5 Deep Blue Kasparov 0–1 Kasparov offered a draw after the 23rd move.
6 Kasparov Deep Blue 1–0
Result: Kasparov–Deep Blue: 4–2
The 1997 rematch
Game # White Black Result Comment
1 Kasparov Deep Blue 1–0
2 Deep Blue Kasparov 1–0
3 Kasparov Deep Blue ½–½ Draw by mutual agreement
4 Deep Blue Kasparov ½–½ Draw by mutual agreement
5 Kasparov Deep Blue ½–½ Draw by mutual agreement
6 Deep Blue Kasparov 1–0
Result: Deep Blue–Kasparov: 3½–2½
Garry Kasparov HISTORY: On this day in 1996, IBM's supercomputer Deep Blue beat chess grandmaster Garry Kasparov in chess.
[Event "Match"] [Site "Philadelphia, PA USA"] [Date "1996.02.14"] [EventDate "?"] [Round "4"] [Result "1/2-1/2"] [White "Garry Kasparov"] [Black "Deep Blue (Computer)"] [ECO "D30"] [WhiteElo "?"] [BlackElo "?"] [PlyCount "100"] 1.Nf3 d5 2.d4 c6 3.c4 e6 4.Nbd2 Nf6 5.e3 Nbd7 6.Bd3 Bd6 7.e4 dxe4 8.Nxe4 Nxe4 9.Bxe4 O-O 10.O-O h6 11.Bc2 e5 12.Re1 exd4 13.Qxd4 Bc5 14.Qc3 a5 15.a3 Nf6 16.Be3 Bxe3 17.Rxe3 Bg4 18.Ne5 Re8 19.Rae1 Be6 20.f4 Qc8 21.h3 b5 22.f5 Bxc4 23.Nxc4 bxc4 24.Rxe8+ Nxe8 25.Re4 Nf6 26.Rxc4 Nd5 27.Qe5 Qd7 28.Rg4 f6 29.Qd4 Kh7 30.Re4 Rd8 31.Kh1 Qc7 32.Qf2 Qb8 33.Ba4 c5 34.Bc6 c4 35.Rxc4 Nb4 36.Bf3 Nd3 37.Qh4 Qxb2 38.Qg3 Qxa3 39.Rc7 Qf8 40.Ra7 Ne5 41.Rxa5 Qf7 42.Rxe5 fxe5 43.Qxe5 Re8 44.Qf4 Qf6 45.Bh5 Rf8 46.Bg6+ Kh8 47.Qc7 Qd4 48.Kh2 Ra8 49.Bh5 Qf6 50.Bg6 Rg8 1/2-1/2 [Event "Match"] [Site "Philadelphia, PA USA"] [Date "1996.02.10"] [EventDate "?"] [Round "1"] [Result "1-0"] [White "Deep Blue (Computer)"] [Black "Garry Kasparov"] [ECO "B22"] [WhiteElo "?"] [BlackElo "?"] [PlyCount "73"] 1.e4 c5 2.c3 d5 3.exd5 Qxd5 4.d4 Nf6 5.Nf3 Bg4 6.Be2 e6 7.h3 Bh5 8.O-O Nc6 9.Be3 cxd4 10.cxd4 Bb4 11.a3 Ba5 12.Nc3 Qd6 13.Nb5 Qe7 14.Ne5 Bxe2 15.Qxe2 O-O 16.Rac1 Rac8 17.Bg5 Bb6 18.Bxf6 gxf6 19.Nc4 Rfd8 20.Nxb6 axb6 21.Rfd1 f5 22.Qe3 Qf6 23.d5 Rxd5 24.Rxd5 exd5 25.b3 Kh8 26.Qxb6 Rg8 27.Qc5 d4 28.Nd6 f4 29.Nxb7 Ne5 30.Qd5 f3 31.g3 Nd3 32.Rc7 Re8 33.Nd6 Re1+ 34.Kh2 Nxf2 35.Nxf7+ Kg7 36.Ng5+ Kh6 37.Rxh7+ 1-0 [Event "Match"] [Site "Philadelphia, PA USA"] [Date "1996.02.17"] [EventDate "?"] [Round "6"] [Result "1-0"] [White "Garry Kasparov"] [Black "Deep Blue (Computer)"] [ECO "D30"] [WhiteElo "?"] [BlackElo "?"] [PlyCount "85"] 1.Nf3 d5 2.d4 c6 3.c4 e6 4.Nbd2 Nf6 5.e3 c5 6.b3 Nc6 7.Bb2 cxd4 8.exd4 Be7 9.Rc1 O-O 10.Bd3 Bd7 11.O-O Nh5 12.Re1 Nf4 13.Bb1 Bd6 14.g3 Ng6 15.Ne5 Rc8 16.Nxd7 Qxd7 17.Nf3 Bb4 18.Re3 Rfd8 19.h4 Nge7 20.a3 Ba5 21.b4 Bc7 22.c5 Re8 23.Qd3 g6 24.Re2 Nf5 25.Bc3 h5 26.b5 Nce7 27.Bd2 Kg7 28.a4 Ra8 29.a5 a6 30.b6 Bb8 31.Bc2 Nc6 32.Ba4 Re7 33.Bc3 Ne5 34.dxe5 Qxa4 35.Nd4 Nxd4 36.Qxd4 Qd7 37.Bd2 Re8 38.Bg5 Rc8 39.Bf6+ Kh7 40.c6 bxc6 41.Qc5 Kh6 42.Rb2 Qb7 43.Rb4 1-0 [Event "Match"] [Site "Philadelphia, PA USA"] [Date "1996.02.13"] [EventDate "?"] [Round "3"] [Result "1/2-1/2"] [White "Deep Blue (Computer)"] [Black "Garry Kasparov"] [ECO "B22"] [WhiteElo "?"] [BlackElo "?"] [PlyCount "78"] 1.e4 c5 2.c3 d5 3.exd5 Qxd5 4.d4 Nf6 5.Nf3 Bg4 6.Be2 e6 7.O-O Nc6 8.Be3 cxd4 9.cxd4 Bb4 10.a3 Ba5 11.Nc3 Qd6 12.Ne5 Bxe2 13.Qxe2 Bxc3 14.bxc3 Nxe5 15.Bf4 Nf3+ 16.Qxf3 Qd5 17.Qd3 Rc8 18.Rfc1 Qc4 19.Qxc4 Rxc4 20.Rcb1 b6 21.Bb8 Ra4 22.Rb4 Ra5 23.Rc4 O-O 24.Bd6 Ra8 25.Rc6 b5 26.Kf1 Ra4 27.Rb1 a6 28.Ke2 h5 29.Kd3 Rd8 30.Be7 Rd7 31.Bxf6 gxf6 32.Rb3 Kg7 33.Ke3 e5 34.g3 exd4 35.cxd4 Re7+ 36.Kf3 Rd7 37.Rd3 Raxd4 38.Rxd4 Rxd4 39.Rxa6 b4 1/2-1/2 [Event "Match"] [Site "Philadelphia, PA USA"] [Date "1996.02.16"] [EventDate "?"] [Round "5"] [Result "0-1"] [White "Deep Blue (Computer)"] [Black "Garry Kasparov"] [ECO "C47"] [WhiteElo "?"] [BlackElo "?"] [PlyCount "94"] 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.Nc3 Nc6 4.d4 exd4 5.Nxd4 Bb4 6.Nxc6 bxc6 7.Bd3 d5 8.exd5 cxd5 9.O-O O-O 10.Bg5 c6 11.Qf3 Be7 12.Rae1 Re8 13.Ne2 h6 14.Bf4 Bd6 15.Nd4 Bg4 16.Qg3 Bxf4 17.Qxf4 Qb6 18.c4 Bd7 19.cxd5 cxd5 20.Rxe8+ Rxe8 21.Qd2 Ne4 22.Bxe4 dxe4 23.b3 Rd8 24.Qc3 f5 25.Rd1 Be6 26.Qe3 Bf7 27.Qc3 f4 28.Rd2 Qf6 29.g3 Rd5 30.a3 Kh7 31.Kg2 Qe5 32.f3 e3 33.Rd3 e2 34.gxf4 e1=Q 35.fxe5 Qxc3 36.Rxc3 Rxd4 37.b4 Bc4 38.Kf2 g5 39.Re3 Be6 40.Rc3 Bc4 41.Re3 Rd2+ 42.Ke1 Rd3 43.Kf2 Kg6 44.Rxd3 Bxd3 45.Ke3 Bc2 46.Kd4 Kf5 47.Kd5 h5 0-1 [Event "IBM Man-Machine"] [Site "New York, NY USA"] [Date "1997.05.07"] [EventDate "?"] [Round "4"] [Result "1/2-1/2"] [White "Deep Blue (Computer)"] [Black "Garry Kasparov"] [ECO "B10"] [WhiteElo "?"] [BlackElo "?"] [PlyCount "111"] 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 Bg4 5.h3 Bh5 6.Bd3 e6 7.Qe2 d5 8.Bg5 Be7 9.e5 Nfd7 10.Bxe7 Qxe7 11.g4 Bg6 12.Bxg6 hxg6 13.h4 Na6 14.O-O-O O-O-O 15.Rdg1 Nc7 16.Kb1 f6 17.exf6 Qxf6 18.Rg3 Rde8 19.Re1 Rhf8 20.Nd1 e5 21.dxe5 Qf4 22.a3 Ne6 23.Nc3 Ndc5 24.b4 Nd7 25.Qd3 Qf7 26.b5 Ndc5 27.Qe3 Qf4 28.bxc6 bxc6 29.Rd1 Kc7 30.Ka1 Qxe3 31.fxe3 Rf7 32.Rh3 Ref8 33.Nd4 Rf2 34.Rb1 Rg2 35.Nce2 Rxg4 36.Nxe6+ Nxe6 37.Nd4 Nxd4 38.exd4 Rxd4 39.Rg1 Rc4 40.Rxg6 Rxc2 41.Rxg7+ Kb6 42.Rb3+ Kc5 43.Rxa7 Rf1+ 44.Rb1 Rff2 45.Rb4 Rc1+ 46.Rb1 Rcc2 47.Rb4 Rc1+ 48.Rb1 Rxb1+ 49.Kxb1 Re2 50.Re7 Rh2 51.Rh7 Kc4 52.Rc7 c5 53.e6 Rxh4 54.e7 Re4 55.a4 Kb3 56.Kc1 1/2-1/2 [Event "IBM Man-Machine"] [Site "New York, NY USA"] [Date "1997.05.03"] [EventDate "?"] [Round "1"] [Result "1-0"] [White "Garry Kasparov"] [Black "Deep Blue (Computer)"] [ECO "A06"] [WhiteElo "?"] [BlackElo "?"] [PlyCount "89"] 1.Nf3 d5 2.g3 Bg4 3.b3 Nd7 4.Bb2 e6 5.Bg2 Ngf6 6.O-O c6 7.d3 Bd6 8.Nbd2 O-O 9.h3 Bh5 10.e3 h6 11.Qe1 Qa5 12.a3 Bc7 13.Nh4 g5 14.Nhf3 e5 15.e4 Rfe8 16.Nh2 Qb6 17.Qc1 a5 18.Re1 Bd6 19.Ndf1 dxe4 20.dxe4 Bc5 21.Ne3 Rad8 22.Nhf1 g4 23.hxg4 Nxg4 24.f3 Nxe3 25.Nxe3 Be7 26.Kh1 Bg5 27.Re2 a4 28.b4 f5 29.exf5 e4 30.f4 Bxe2 31.fxg5 Ne5 32.g6 Bf3 33.Bc3 Qb5 34.Qf1 Qxf1+ 35.Rxf1 h5 36.Kg1 Kf8 37.Bh3 b5 38.Kf2 Kg7 39.g4 Kh6 40.Rg1 hxg4 41.Bxg4 Bxg4 42.Nxg4+ Nxg4+ 43.Rxg4 Rd5 44.f6 Rd1 45.g7 1-0 [Event "IBM Man-Machine"] [Site "New York, NY USA"] [Date "1997.05.??"] [EventDate "?"] [Round "6"] [Result "1-0"] [White "Deep Blue (Computer)"] [Black "Garry Kasparov"] [ECO "B17"] [WhiteElo "?"] [BlackElo "?"] [PlyCount "37"] 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.Ng5 Ngf6 6.Bd3 e6 7.N1f3 h6 8.Nxe6 Qe7 9.O-O fxe6 10.Bg6+ Kd8 11.Bf4 b5 12.a4 Bb7 13.Re1 Nd5 14.Bg3 Kc8 15.axb5 cxb5 16.Qd3 Bc6 17.Bf5 exf5 18.Rxe7 Bxe7 19.c4 1-0 [Event "IBM Man-Machine"] [Site "New York, NY USA"] [Date "1997.05.10"] [EventDate "?"] [Round "5"] [Result "1/2-1/2"] [White "Garry Kasparov"] [Black "Deep Blue (Computer)"] [ECO "A07"] [WhiteElo "?"] [BlackElo "?"] [PlyCount "98"] 1.Nf3 d5 2.g3 Bg4 3.Bg2 Nd7 4.h3 Bxf3 5.Bxf3 c6 6.d3 e6 7.e4 Ne5 8.Bg2 dxe4 9.Bxe4 Nf6 10.Bg2 Bb4+ 11.Nd2 h5 12.Qe2 Qc7 13.c3 Be7 14.d4 Ng6 15.h4 e5 16.Nf3 exd4 17.Nxd4 O-O-O 18.Bg5 Ng4 19.O-O-O Rhe8 20.Qc2 Kb8 21.Kb1 Bxg5 22.hxg5 N6e5 23.Rhe1 c5 24.Nf3 Rxd1+ 25.Rxd1 Nc4 26.Qa4 Rd8 27.Re1 Nb6 28.Qc2 Qd6 29.c4 Qg6 30.Qxg6 fxg6 31.b3 Nxf2 32.Re6 Kc7 33.Rxg6 Rd7 34.Nh4 Nc8 35.Bd5 Nd6 36.Re6 Nb5 37.cxb5 Rxd5 38.Rg6 Rd7 39.Nf5 Ne4 40.Nxg7 Rd1+ 41.Kc2 Rd2+ 42.Kc1 Rxa2 43.Nxh5 Nd2 44.Nf4 Nxb3+ 45.Kb1 Rd2 46.Re6 c4 47.Re3 Kb6 48.g6 Kxb5 49.g7 Kb4 1/2-1/2 [Event "IBM Man-Machine"] [Site "New York, NY USA"] [Date "1997.05.04"] [EventDate "?"] [Round "2"] [Result "1-0"] [White "Deep Blue (Computer)"] [Black "Garry Kasparov"] [ECO "C93"] [WhiteElo "?"] [BlackElo "?"] [PlyCount "89"] 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 d6 8.c3 O-O 9.h3 h6 10.d4 Re8 11.Nbd2 Bf8 12.Nf1 Bd7 13.Ng3 Na5 14.Bc2 c5 15.b3 Nc6 16.d5 Ne7 17.Be3 Ng6 18.Qd2 Nh7 19.a4 Nh4 20.Nxh4 Qxh4 21.Qe2 Qd8 22.b4 Qc7 23.Rec1 c4 24.Ra3 Rec8 25.Rca1 Qd8 26.f4 Nf6 27.fxe5 dxe5 28.Qf1 Ne8 29.Qf2 Nd6 30.Bb6 Qe8 31.R3a2 Be7 32.Bc5 Bf8 33.Nf5 Bxf5 34.exf5 f6 35.Bxd6 Bxd6 36.axb5 axb5 37.Be4 Rxa2 38.Qxa2 Qd7 39.Qa7 Rc7 40.Qb6 Rb7 41.Ra8+ Kf7 42.Qa6 Qc7 43.Qc6 Qb6+ 44.Kf1 Rb8 45.Ra6 1-0
Beginning of the End (Feb 10,1996). Deep Blue beats Garry Kasparov.
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[Event "New York Man-Machine"] [Site "New York"] [Date "1997.05.04"] [Round "2"] [White "Deep Blue"] [Black "Kasparov, Garry"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "C93"] [BlackElo "2785"] [Annotator "John Nunn"] [SetUp "1"] [FEN "r1r1q1k1/6p1/p2b1p1p/1p1PpP2/PPp5/2P4P/R1B2QP1/R5K1 w - - 0 36"] [PlyCount "6"] [EventDate "1997.05.??"] [EventType "match"] [EventRounds "6"] [EventCountry "USA"] [Source "ChessBase"] [SourceDate "1997.11.17"] {It would be wrong to play} 36. Qb6 Rd8 (36... Bc7 $2 37. Qe6+ Kh7 38. Qxe8 {wins}) 37. axb5 Rab8 38. Qxa6 e4 {when, at the cost of two pawns, Black has developed considerable counterplay based on ...Qe5 and possibly ...e3. However, this is again a remarkable move by Deep Blue; most computers (including Fritz and Hiarcs) go for the material without hesitation. Did Deep Blue reject this line based on very deep analysis, is there some subtle programming involved?} 1-0 [Event "New York Man-Machine"] [Site "New York"] [Date "1997.05.04"] [Round "2"] [White "Comp Deep Blue"] [Black "Kasparov, Garry"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "C93"] [BlackElo "2785"] [Annotator "John Nunn"] [SetUp "1"] [FEN "r1r1q1k1/6p1/p2b1p1p/1p1PpP2/PPp5/2P4P/R1B2QP1/R5K1 w - - 0 36"] [PlyCount "7"] [EventDate "1997.05.??"] [EventType "match"] [EventRounds "6"] [EventCountry "USA"] [Source "ChessBase"] [SourceDate "1997.11.17"] 36. axb5 $1 ({It would be wrong to play} 36. Qb6 Rd8 (36... Bc7 $2 37. Qe6+ Kh7 38. Qxe8 {wins gewinnt}) 37. axb5 ({Komodo 8 64-bit points out that after} 37. Be4 $1 {White will continue to maintain a strong advantage, even after Black's best chance with} a5 $1 ({The tempting} 37... Qh5 $2 {to try to get counterplay with the queen is insufficient and ultimately worse.} { Komodo 8 64-bit:} 38. axb5 Rab8 39. Qxa6 Qh4 40. Re2 Qg3 41. Qa3 Rxb5 42. Qc1 Bc7 43. Kh1 Rbb8 44. Qe1 Qxe1+ 45. Rexe1 Kf8 46. g3 Bb6 47. Ra6 Rd6 48. Rd1 Ke7 49. Kg2 Rd7 50. Rda1 Kd6 51. R1a5 Ke7 52. Ra2 Kd6 53. Ra1 Ke7 54. Rd1 Kd6 55. Kf3 Ke7 {1.80/31}) 38. axb5 axb4 39. Rxa8 Rxa8 40. Ra6 Rd8 41. cxb4 c3 42. Qc6 Qh5 43. Qxc3 Qe2 44. Qd3 Qe1+ 45. Kh2 Kh7 46. Qc4 h5 47. Qd3 h4 48. Qf3 Qxb4 49. Qg4 Bc5 50. d6 Qd4 51. Qxh4+ Kg8 52. Qe1 Rxd6 53. Ra8+ Rd8 54. Rxd8+ Qxd8 55. h4 Qd4 56. Qb1 Qc4 57. g3 Kf7 58. Kh3 Ke7 59. Bc6 Bd4 60. Qe4 Qf1+ 61. Kg4 Qd1+ 62. Qf3 {0.97/31}) 37... Rab8 38. Qxa6 $2 ({Komodo 8 64-bit quite agrees that Qxa6 opens the way for Garry, but sees} 38. Qc6 $1 {as quite winning for White.} axb5 39. Qxe8+ Rxe8 40. Ra6 Red8 41. Be4 Kf8 42. Kf2 Ke7 43. Kg3 Rb7 44. Kg4 Kf8 45. R1a5 Bb8 46. Re6 Kf7 47. Kf3 Kg8 48. Ra1 Kh7 49. Rc6 h5 50. h4 Kh6 51. Raa6 Ba7 52. Re6 Rbd7 53. g3 Bg1 54. Rxe5 {1.82/29}) 38... e4 {when, at the cost of two pawns, Black has developed considerable counterplay based on ...Qe5 and possibly ...e3. However, this is again a remarkable move by Deep Blue; most computers (including Fritz and Hiarcs) go for the material without hesitation. Did Deep Blue reject this line based on very deep analysis, is there some subtle programming involved?}) 36... axb5 37. Be4 {A cruel move. Black's only chance of counterplay is to activate his bishop by ...e4, but Deep Blue cuts the rope which might have saved the drowning Kasparov.} Rxa2 38. Qxa2 {This position is just lost. Black's bishop must stay on d6 to block the d5-pawn, but Black cannot both maintain this bishop and defend the weak pawn on b5. Black's total lack of counterplay is the deciding factor: White has plenty of time to slowly infiltrate with his queen and rook.} Qd7 39. Qa7 {and Deep Blue had a winning advantage.} 1-0
History : 10 February 1996 – The IBM supercomputer Deep Blue defeats Garry Kasparov for the first time.
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