125 éve született a legenda, akiről kisbolygót is elneveztek

Aljchin was born 125 years ago

125 éve született a legenda, akiről kisbolygót is elneveztek

Százhuszonöt éve, 1892. október 31-én született Alekszandr Alekszandrovics Aljechin, a negyedik sakkvilágbajnok, a sportág történetének legendás alakja.

Full name Alexander Alexandrovich Alekhine
Country Russian Empire Soviet Union France
Born October 31, 1892 Moscow, Russian Empire
Died March 24, 1946 (aged 53) Estoril, Portugal
World Champion 1927–35 1937–46

 

 

 

Alexander Alekhine (Russian: Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin; pronounced [ɐlʲɪkˈsandr ɐlʲɪkˈsandrəvʲɪtɕ ɐˈlʲexʲɪn];[1][2] October 31 [O.S. October 19] 1892 – March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest chess players of all time.

By the age of 22, Alekhine was already among the strongest chess players in the world. During the 1920s, he won most of the tournaments in which he played. In 1921, Alekhine left Soviet Russia and emigrated to France, which he represented after 1925. In 1927, he became the fourth World Chess Champion by defeating José Raúl Capablanca.

In the early 1930s, Alekhine dominated tournament play and won two top-class tournaments by large margins. He also played first board for France in five Chess Olympiads, winning individual prizes in each (four medals and a brilliancy prize). Alekhine offered Capablanca a rematch on the same demanding terms that Capablanca had set for him, and negotiations dragged on for years without making much progress. Meanwhile, Alekhine defended his title with ease against Efim Bogoljubov in 1929 and 1934. He was defeated by Max Euwe in 1935, but regained his crown in the 1937 rematch. His tournament record, however, remained uneven, and rising young stars like Paul Keres, Reuben Fine, and Mikhail Botvinnik threatened his title. Negotiations for a title match with Keres or Botvinnik were halted by the outbreak of World War II in Europe in 1939. Negotiations with Botvinnik for a world title match were proceeding in 1946 when Alekhine died in Portugal, in unclear circumstances. Alekhine is the only World Chess Champion to have died while holding the title.

Alekhine is known for his fierce and imaginative attacking style, combined with great positional and endgame skill. He is highly regarded as a chess writer and theoretician, having produced innovations in a wide range of chess openings and having given his name to Alekhine’s Defence and several other opening variations. He also composed some endgame studies.

10 Best Games by Alexander Alekhine

[Event “Munich”]
[Site “Munich (DEU)”]
[Date “1942.09.15”]
[EventDate “1942.??.??”]
[Round “1”]
[Result “1-0”]
[White “Alexander Alekhine”]
[Black “Gedeon Barcza”]
[ECO “C78”]
[WhiteElo “?”]
[BlackElo “?”]
[PlyCount “57”]

1. e4 {Notes by Alekhine} e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6
5. O-O Be7 6. Nc3 b5 7. Bb3 d6 8. Nd5 {!? With this intersting
move I defeated Bogoljubov in the Munich tournament last
year. The correct continuation for Black is 8…Na5 when White
has at his disposal no particularly advantageous line.} Bg4
9. c3 O-O {If Black had played …Nxe4 either now or on his
previous move the reply d4! would have had a demolishing
affect.} 10. h3 {! Forcing the Bishop to declare its plans at
this stage is very precise. After 10…Bh5 White would play 11
d3 without the loss of time.} Be6 11. d4 Kh8 {! Preparing
against 12 Nxe7 which would now be refuted by means of
12…Bxb3 13 Nxc6 Bxd1 14 Nxd8 Bxf3 etc.} 12. Re1 Nd7 {And not
12…Na5 because of the reply 13 Nxe7 Nxb3 14 Nc6 Qd7 15 axb3,
followed by d5.} 13. Bc2 f6 14. a4 Na7 {If 14…Rb8 then 15
axb5 axb5 16 Ra6 with a good game.} 15. axb5 axb5 16. Be3
{Again threatening 17 Nxe7, winning a piece.} c5 17. dxc5 dxc5
18. Ra6 {! With the threat 19 Qa1} Bxd5 19. exd5 Qc8 20. Qa1
Qb7 21. b4 {! It will no longer now be possible to avoid 22 d6
etc.} Rfb8 22. d6 Bd8 23. bxc5 Rc8 24. Ra2 e4 {Veritable
desperation. If 24…Nxc5 there follows 25 Bxc5 Rxc5 26 Be4
etc.} 25. Bxe4 Qxe4 26. Bd4 Qg6 27. Rxa7 Rxa7 28. Qxa7 Ne5
29. Bxe5 1-0

[Event “Warsaw”]
[Site “Warsaw”]
[Date “1943.03.28”]
[EventDate “?”]
[Round “2”]
[Result “1-0”]
[White “Alexander Alekhine”]
[Black “Efim Bogoljubov”]
[ECO “D30”]
[WhiteElo “?”]
[BlackElo “?”]
[PlyCount “64”]

1. d4 {Notes by Alekhine} d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nf3 Nf6 4. g3 dxc4
5. Qa4+ Qd7 {The exchange of Queens that Black will force with
this maneuver gives him very few advantages, because it does
not solve the chief problem, which is the development of the
queen’s bishop.} 6. Qxc4 Qc6 7. Nbd2 Qxc4 8. Nxc4 Bb4+ 9. Bd2
Bxd2+ 10. Ncxd2 {Preferable to 10 Nfxd2 which, after 10…Nc6
11 Nf3 Nb4! would have offered Black some changes. Despite the
simplification Black still faces a difficult problem: if he is
compelled to play …c6 what future will be left for the
bishop? Boglojubov takes a radical measure; with t6he aim of
protecting the points he prepares to castle long. In the
continuation we shall see the weak side of this strategy.} Nc6
11. Bg2 Bd7 12. O-O O-O-O 13. Rac1 Rhe8 14. Nc4 {It goes
without saying that White will not allow …e5.} Re7 15. a3
Be8 16. Rfd1 Nd5 17. b4 Nb6 18. b5 {! An important move which
forces the knight to withdraw and permits the blocking of the
queen’s side. For if 18…Nxc4 then 19 bxc6 Nxa3 20 cxb7+ Kxb7
21 Ne5+ Kc8 22 Nc6 Bxc6 23 Bxc6 Rd6 24 Rc3 followed by 25 Ra1
and wins.} Nb8 19. Nxb6+ axb6 20. a4 f6 21. Bh3 {Threatening
to advance the d-pawn.} Bd7 {Now it seems that Black is at
last going to free himself by 22…e5.} 22. Nd2 {!! Decisive,
because if 22…e5 there follows 23 Nc4 with the threat of 24
Nxb6 mate. What follows now is practically all forced.} Rf8
23. Bg2 {! 23 Nc4 would allow Black to play 23…Kd8, followed
by 24…Bc8.} c6 24. Nc4 Kc7 25. e4 cxb5 {desperation, since
there is no defence against the advance of the d-pawn.}
26. axb5 Bxb5 27. d5 {! More accurate than 27 Na3+ Bc6 28 d5,
after which Black would not have been under any obligation to
exchange pawns.} exd5 28. Na3+ Bc6 29. exd5 Rd7 30. Nb5+ Kd8
31. dxc6 bxc6 32. Nd4 {! This wins at least a pawn. An
instructive game from the strategic point of view.} 1-0

[Event “NED Wch-m (02)”]
[Site “NED Wch-m (02)”]
[Date “1937.10.07”]
[EventDate “?”]
[Round “2”]
[Result “1-0”]
[White “Alexander Alekhine”]
[Black “Max Euwe”]
[ECO “D17”]
[WhiteElo “?”]
[BlackElo “?”]
[PlyCount “81”]

1. d4 {Notes by Alekhine} d5 2. c4 c6 3. Nf3 Nf6 4. Nc3 dxc4
5. a4 Bf5 6. Ne5 {I considered it vital to find out
immediately what defence my opponent had in mind against the
line he himself adopted in the first game.} e6 {! Played twice
by Bogoljuboff against me in the 1929 match. As the experiment
did not succeed (he only managed to draw one game with great
difficulty and he lost the other game), the move 6…e6
disappeared from master practice. But, as was proved
especially by the eleventh game of this match, it is much
safer than the fashionable Kmoch variation (6…Nbd7 in
conjunction with Qc7 and e5.)} 7. Bg5 {As after 7 f3 Bb4, the
move 8 e4? would provoke the absolutely sound sacrifice
8…Nxe4! (first played by Mikenas against Dr. Vidmar, Prague,
1931), White must not hurry to form a pawn centre. Still,
after the following answer, he had no better move than 8 f3,
which would lead to the position obtained in the fourth and
eleventh games.} Bb4 {Much more logical and better than
7…Be7 , as played by Bogoljuboff in our fifth match game in
1929.} 8. Nxc4 { Very harmless, inasmuch as Black, instead of
the complicated variation actually selected, could simply play
here 8…h6, and if 9 Bh4 then 9…g5 10 Bg3 Ne4 11 Rc1 (or 11
Qb3 Na6) c5,etc., with at least equal prospects.} Qd5 {Also a
good move which leads after a short, sharp intermezzo to an
equally balanced position.} 9. Bxf6 {The alternative, 9 Ne3
Qa5 10 Nxf5 Qxf5 etc., was even less promising. And if 9 Qb3,
then 9…Na6.} Qxc4 {Better than 9…gxf6 10 Ne3 Qa5 11 Qb3
with slightly better prospects for White.} 10. Qd2 {The only
move, as 10 Rc1? would have been refuted by 10…gxf6 11 e4
Qa2, etc.} gxf6 11. e4 Qb3 12. exf5 Nd7 13. fxe6 fxe6 14. Be2
O-O-O 15. O-O {These last few moves were practically forced
and the position thus reached offers about equal attacking
possibilities for both sides.} e5 {This logical move—which
brings the knight into a strong position and opens the queen’s
file to Black’s advantage—has been, in my opinion, unduly
criticized. In any event 15…Nb6, which was recommended
instead, would expose Black to dangerous threats after 16 a5
Na4 17 Qe3 Nxb2 18 Rfc1—and this without offering him any real
winning prospects.} 16. dxe5 Nxe5 17. Qc1 Bxc3 {As 18 Ne4 was
not really a strong threat, this exchange should have been
postponed till a more appropriate moment. Black should have
played 17…Rhg8; for if 18 Ne4 (18 Qe3 Qxb2) then …Nf3+ 19
Bxf3 Qxf3 20 Ng3 Qg4, etc., with quite a satisfactory
position. After the move in the text White obtains the better
chances because his bishop will prove superior to the knight
as soon as the Black piece is dislodged from e5.} 18. bxc3
Rhg8 19. Qe3 Kb8 {Not absolutely necessary, as he could
indirectly protect his queen rook’s pawn by playing 19…Qd5
20 g3 Qd2; but then after 21 Qxd2 Rxd2 22 Rfe1 (here if …Nd3
23 Rad1!) White’s endgame chances would still be the better.}
20. g3 Rd7 21. Rab1 {!} Qc2 22. Rfe1 {! The most subtle move
of the game, by which White prepares the important f4. The
immediate advance of that pawn would be refuted by 22…Rd2 23
Rfe1 Nd3.} Qd2 23. Qxd2 Rxd2 24. f4 Ng6 25. Bc4 Rgd8 {Or
25…Rg7 26 Re8+ Kc7 27 Kh1! with advantage to White.} 26. Re6
{! In order to exchange one pair of rooks. It must be noted
that Black cannot play 26…Rc2 on account of 27 Ba6 b6 28
Rxc6.} R8d6 27. Rbe1 Kc7 28. Rxd6 Rxd6 {If 28…Kxd6, then 20
Bg8, threatening both 30 Bxh7 and 30 Re6+.} 29. h4 {In order
to play the king to f2 without being disturbed by the rook
check on the second rank.} Kd7 30. Kf2 Ne7 31. Kf3 Nd5 {After
this loss of time Black’s position becomes rapidly hopeless,
as the White king will be able to attack and win the pawn on
h7. But it is to be doubted if the game could be saved even by
the best answer, 31 …f5 Then White would not play
immediately 32 g4 because of 32…fxg4+ 33 Kxg4 Rg6+, followed
by 34…Nf5 with counterattack; but he would play first 32 h5,
after which g4 would free his king bishop’s pawn with
disastrous effect for Black since the latter’s majority on the
queen side has a nominal value only, owing to the passive
position of his pieces.} 32. Bd3 h6 33. Bf5+ Kd8 34. Kg4 Ne7
{Or 34…Nxc3 35 Kh5 Nxa4 36 Kxh5, followed by the victorious
advance of the passed king rook’s pawn.} 35. Bb1 Ke8 {If
35…Rd5 then 36 f5, etc.} 36. Kh5 Kf7 37. Ba2+ Kf8 38. Kxh6
Rd2 {The main variation was 38…Nf5+ 39 Kg6 Nxg3 40 f5
followed by the advance of the rook’s pawn.} 39. Be6 Rd3
40. g4 Rxc3 41. g5 {Even simpler than 41 Rd1 Nd5. If
41…fxg5, then fxg5.} 1-0

[Event “Nottingham”]
[Site “Nottingham ENG”]
[Date “1936.08.22”]
[EventDate “1936.08.10”]
[Round “11”]
[Result “1-0”]
[White “Alexander Alekhine”]
[Black “Conel Hugh O’Donel Alexander”]
[ECO “E11”]
[WhiteElo “?”]
[BlackElo “?”]
[PlyCount “54”]

1. d4 {Notes by Alekhine} Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nf3 Bb4+ 4. Nbd2
{The usual move nowadays is 4 Bd2, in order to develop the
knight on the more natural square c3. But, on the other hand,
if Black wants to avoid the exchange of his king’s bishop, he
will now be forced to lose time by retreating it to e7. The
text move therefore cannot be condemned. It has the advantage
anyhow of leading to more complicated lines than the usual
move.} b6 5. g3 Bb7 6. Bg2 O-O 7. O-O Bxd2 {? Instead of this
exchange, which yiels White the advantage of the pair of
bishops without necessity, Black could play either d5
(Rubinstein-Alekhine, Semmering, 1926) or even Be7, followed
by d6, Nbd7, etc. In both cases he would have better
equalising prospects than in the actual game.} 8. Qxd2 {The
correct recapture, as the queen bishoop is wanted on the long
diagonal.} d6 9. b3 Nbd7 10. Bb2 Rb8 {Black shows his hand
decidedly to early. The obvious object of the text move is to
play Ne4 followed by f5, for which purpose the bishop must be
protected, to avoid the possible answer Ng5. But the same idea
could have been combined with a mobilisation by 10…Qe7,
11…Rad8, and eventually Ba8.} 11. Rad1 {! An interesting and
effective method of meeting Black’s plan. The White queen
bishop is to play in the following development a most
important and practically decisive part.} Ne4 {If Qe7 then 12
Qe3 (Ne4 13 d5).} 12. Qe3 f5 13. d5 {This pawn will only
apparently be weak, as White can always protect it by
counter-attack.} exd5 {e5 instead would lose a pawn by 14
Nh4!} 14. cxd5 Ndf6 15. Nh4 Qd7 {If Nxd5 then 16 Rxd5 Bxd5 17
Qd4 winning a piece.} 16. Bh3 {Again preventing Nxd5 , this
time because of 17 Qxe4.} g6 17. f3 Nc5 18. Qg5 {Threatening
not only 19 Bxf6 but also 19 B or Nxf5; and if 18…Nxd5 then
19 Nxg6 wins. Black’s reply is therefore forced.} Qg7 19. b4
Ncd7 {Equally hopeless would be Na4 20 Ba1, etc.} 20. e4 {!
The initial move of the decisive sacrificial combination.}
Nxe4 {Black clearly based his last hopes on this ingenious
stroke. If now 21 Bxg7 Nxg5 22 Bxf8 then Nxf3+ 23 Kg2 Rxf8 24
Kxf3 Nf6 followed by Nxd5 with good fighting chances.} 21. Qc1
{! Much more effective than 21 fxe4 Qxb2 22 exf5 Qf6 yielding
White only a possible win after a laborious end-game.} Nef6
22. Bxf5 {! The surprising sequal to 20 e4. After gxf5 23 Nxf5
Black would either lose his queen or be mated (23…Qh8 24
Nh6+ Kg7 25 Qg5 mate).} Kh8 23. Be6 {At last the d-pawn is
definitely safe.} Ba6 24. Rfe1 Ne5 25. f4 {Far the simplest
way to force resignation.} Nd3 26. Rxd3 Bxd3 27. g4 {There is
no remedy against g5. This game won the special prize for the
most brilliant king side attack at Nottingham.} 1-0

[Event “Lublin”]
[Site “Lublin”]
[Date “1942.10.17”]
[EventDate “?”]
[Round “5”]
[Result “1-0”]
[White “Alexander Alekhine”]
[Black “Klaus Junge”]
[ECO “C86”]
[WhiteElo “?”]
[BlackElo “?”]
[PlyCount “55”]

1. e4 {Annotation by Alexander Alekhine.} e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5
a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7 6. Qe2 b5 7. Bb3 O-O 8. c3 {In
connection with the following move this is a safe method of
preparing to counter the aggressive plan of Black which was
indicated by his seventh move.} d5 9. d3 dxe4 {The opening of
the queen’s file is to White’s advantage. But 9…d4 10. cxd4
Nxd4 11. Nxd4 Qxd4 12. Nc3 followed by 13. Be3 would also have
involved some difficulty for Black.} 10. dxe4 Bg4 11. h3 Bh5
12. Bg5 {Preventing 12…Na5 which would be refuted by 13. g4
Bg6 14. Nxe5 simply winning a pawn.} Ne8 13. Bxe7 Bxf3 {If
immediately 13…Nxe7 then 14. g4 etc.} 14. Qxf3 Nxe7 15. Rd1
Nd6 16. Nd2 c6 {A better defensive idea would have been
16…Kh8 in order to be able to answer 17.Bc2 with 17…c6 and
17.Nf1 with 17…f5.} 17. Nf1 Qc7 18. a4 {The opening of the
a-file in the Ruy Lopez is almost without exception favourable
to White.} Rad8 19. Ng3 Nec8 20. axb5 axb5 21. Nf5 {In order
to maintain, after the possible exchange, a new weapon of
attack in the form of the pawn at f5.} Nb6 22. Qe3 Nxf5 {after
22…Nbc4 White would acquire a decisive positional advantage
by means of 23.Bxc4 bxc4 24.Qc5!} 23. exf5 c5 {It is already
the end. To 23…Nd5 White would have replied 24.Qf3 after
which Black’s position could not be held.} 24. f6 gxf6 25. Qh6
f5 26. Bxf7+ {An elegant finish. Whether or not he captures
the bishop Black loses material.} Qxf7 27. Rxd8 Na4 28. b3 {If
28…Nxc3 there follows 29.Raa8.} 1-0

[Event “Munich”]
[Site “Munich (DEU)”]
[Date “1942.09.18”]
[EventDate “1942.??.??”]
[Round “4”]
[Result “1-0”]
[White “Alexander Alekhine”]
[Black “Paul Keres”]
[ECO “E17”]
[WhiteElo “?”]
[BlackElo “?”]
[PlyCount “65”]

1. d4 {Notes by Alekhine} Nf6 2. Nf3 b6 3. c4 Bb7 4. g3 e6
5. Bg2 Be7 6. O-O O-O 7. b3 {Avoiding the inevitable
simplification that would occur after 7 Nc3 Ne4!} d5
{Recommendable too is 7…c5 since 8 d5 would be answered by
8…Nxd5!, followed by 9…Bf6.} 8. Ne5 c6 {8…c5 is of
course more enterprising.} 9. Bb2 Nbd7 10. Nd2 c5 11. e3
{Sustaing the central tension and at the same time gaining a
certain advantage in space.} Rc8 12. Rc1 Rc7 13. Qe2 Qa8 {?
The rook at c7 is not secure, and this move helps white to
undertake a favourable mobilization. Much better was 13…Qb8,
followed by 14…Rfc8.} 14. cxd5 Nxd5 15. e4 N5f6 16. b4 {!
Taking the greatest possible advantage of the deficient
position of the Black rook at c7.} Rfc8 17. dxc5 bxc5 18. b5
a6 {? Also after 18…Nxe5 19 Bxe5 Rd7 20 Nb3 Black’s game
would be inferior but allowing the opening of the a-file is
practically suicidal.} 19. a4 axb5 20. axb5 Qa2 {Keres must
have overlooked the rejoinder. In any case his position is
already hopeless.} 21. Nec4 {!} Qa8 22. Bxf6 {! Winning the
exchange anyway.} gxf6 {If 22…Bxf6 23 b6 or 22…Nxf6 23 Nb6
etc.} 23. b6 Rc6 24. e5 Rxb6 25. Nxb6 Nxb6 26. Bxb7 Qxb7
27. exf6 Bxf6 28. Ne4 Be7 29. Qg4+ Kh8 30. Qf4 {! Threatening
not only 31 Qxf7 but also 31 Nxc5!} Bf8 31. Nxc5 Qc7 {After
32…Rxc5 White would recover the piece either at d4 or at
e5.} 32. Nxe6 Qxf4 33. Nxf4 1-0

[Event “Munich”]
[Site “Munich (DEU)”]
[Date “1942.09.24”]
[EventDate “1942.??.??”]
[Round “10”]
[Result “1-0”]
[White “Alexander Alekhine”]
[Black “Braslav Rabar”]
[ECO “E02”]
[WhiteElo “?”]
[BlackElo “?”]
[PlyCount “53”]

1. d4 {Notes by Alekhine} Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. g3 d5 4. Bg2 dxc4
5. Qa4+ Bd7 6. Qxc4 Bc6 7. Nf3 Bd5 {Black loses too many tempi
with these bishop moves. Better is 7…Nbd7 and if 8 Nc3 then
8…Nb6 9 Qd3 Bb4, as it was played in the game Junge-Alekhine
in the same tournament.} 8. Qd3 c5 9. Nc3 Bc6 {If 9…cxd4
there would follow 10 Nxd5 Qxd5 11 O-O with the strong threat
of 12 Nxd4.}10. O-O Nbd7 11. Rd1 cxd4 {If 11…Be7 then 12 e4
and White with the threat of 13 d5, would practically force
the exchange at d4, which would guarantee him the advantage of
the bishop pair.} 12. Nxd4 Bxg2 13. Kxg2 Be7 14. Qf3 {The
queen now exerts strong pressure on the enemy queen’s side.}
Qb6 {this move will be refuted by energetic combinative
play. but 14…Qb8 15 Nb3 with the threat of 16 Bf4 would be
equally unsatisfactory.} 15. Be3 {! The consequences of this
move are not very difficult to calculate, but it is
interesting to prove that from this moment onwards Black
already lacks any satisfactory defence. Against 15 Qxb2 White
replies 16 Ncb5 and if 15…Ne5 there would follow 16 Ndb5!}
O-O 16. Nf5 Bc5 {This apparent salvation will be refuted by a
well-concealed combination. Nor would the alternative 16…Qd8
17 Nxe7+ Qxe7 18 Qxb7 Rfb8 19 Qc7 Rxb2 20 Bd4 have saved the
game.} 17. Na4 Qa5 18. Nxc5 Nxc5 19. Nxg7 {! This wins at
least a pawn and leads to a simply won ending. The only reply
– excluding the text – would be 19…Nce4, against which White
would first have forced the black queen to abandon the fifth
rank and would then have occupied the long diagonal with the
bishop, with decisive effect: 20 b4! Qe5 21 Bf4 Qb5 (or
21…Qc3 22 Nh5!!) 22 a4! Qxb4 23 Be5 etc.} Kxg7 20. Bd4 {The
strength of this move lies mainly in the fact that after
20…Nd7 White simply plays 21 Bc3, with the unavoidable
threat of 22 Rxd7.} Ne4 21. Qxe4 Qf5 {The endgame that follows
is without any technical difficulties.} 22. Qxf5 exf5 23. Rac1
Rfe8 24. Rc7 Rxe2 25. Rxb7 Kg6 26. Bxf6 Kxf6 27. Rd6+ {If
27…Kg7 there follows 28 Rdd7 Rf8 29 Kf3 Rc2 30 Rdc7 Rd2 31
Ke3.} 1-0

[Event “London”]
[Site “London (ENG)”]
[Date “1932.02.08”]
[EventDate “1932.02.01”]
[Round “7”]
[Result “1-0”]
[White “Alexander Alekhine”]
[Black “Savielly Tartakower”]
[ECO “A51”]
[WhiteElo “?”]
[BlackElo “?”]
[PlyCount “63”]

1. d4 {Notes by A. Alekhine} Nf6 2. c4 e5 3. dxe5 Ne4 {Less
usual, but not better than 3…Ng4 against which I have had
(excepting the Gilg game, Semmering, 1926) rather pleasant
experiences, too.} 4. Nd2 Nc5 {If 4…Bb4 then 5 Nf3 followed
by a3, in order to obtain the advantage of the two Bishops.}
5. Ngf3 Nc6 6. g3 Qe7 7. Bg2 g6 8. Nb1 {! This at first sight
surprising move is in reality perfectly logical. After Black
has clearly shown his intention to develop the King’s Bishop
at g7, White has no longer to reckon with any action on the
diagonal e1-a5. There is no reason, therefore, for delay in
placing his Knight on the dominating square d5.} Nxe5 9. O-O
Nxf3+ 10. exf3 Bg7 11. Re1 Ne6 12. Nc3 O-O 13. Nd5 Qd8 14. f4
c6 {He has willy-nilly to dislodge the White Knight–thus
creating a dangerous weakness at d6–because after the
immediate 14 d6 the temporary sacrifice 15 f5, etc., would be
too dangerous for him.} 15. Nc3 d6 16. Be3 Qc7 17. Rc1 Bd7
18. Qd2 Rad8 19. Red1 Bc8 20. Ne4 Nc5 {This will be finally
refuted by the combination starting with White’s 24th
move–but owing to the weakness mentioned above Black’s
position was already very difficult. Unsatisfactory would be,
for instance, 20 d5 21 cxd5 Rxd5 22 Nf6+, followed by 23 Bxd5
etc., winning the exchange; or 20 …c5 21 f5! gxf5 22 Nc3 Nd4
23 Nd5 Qb8 24 Bg5, etc. ; and after the comparatively safest
20 …b6 White could also easily increase his advantage in
space by continuing 21 b4 etc.} 21. Nxd6 Na4 22. c5 Nxb2
23. Re1 b5 24. cxb6 {! A surprising but not very complicated
combination. The only difficulty consisted in the necessity of
foreseeing this possibility several moves before, when making
the capture 21 Nxd6.} Qxd6 25. Qxd6 Rxd6 26. bxa7 Bb7 27. Bc5
Rdd8 28. Bxf8 Kxf8 29. Bxc6 Bxc6 30. Rxc6 Ra8 {The last moves
of Black were practically forced and, his position being
absolutely hopeless, he prefers a quick end. If, instead of
this, 30 Bd4 then 31 Rd6, also winning immediately.} 31. Rb6
Rxa7 32. Rb8# 1-0

[Event “Munich”]
[Site “Munich (DEU)”]
[Date “1941.09.18”]
[EventDate “1941.09.08”]
[Round “13”]
[Result “0-1”]
[White “Peter Leepin”]
[Black “Alexander Alekhine”]
[ECO “A22”]
[WhiteElo “?”]
[BlackElo “?”]
[PlyCount “40”]

1. c4 {Notes by Alekhine} e5 2. Nc3 Nf6 3. g3 d5 4. cxd5 Nxd5
5. Bg2 Nb6 6. a4 {This move is not recommendable at this stage
of the game, since white obtains no advantage and at the same
time gives up to Black the square b4.} a5 7. d3 Bb4 {the first
consequence of white’s sixth move; otherwise the bishop would
modestly have had to satisfy itself with the square e7.}
8. Nf3 Nc6 9. O-O O-O 10. Be3 Bg4 11. Rc1 f5 {! A precisely
calculated pawn sacrifice, the acceptance of which leads to
rapid destruction foreseen by black here on the eleventh
move.} 12. Ng5 {Apparently effective in view of the threats 13
Ne6 and 13 Qb3+.} f4 {!} 13. Bxb6 Qxg5 14. Bxc7 Qh5 {Moe
efficacious than 14…Nd4, to which White would have been able
to respond with 15 f3. But now this move is impossible in view
of 15…Bc5+ with an immediate win.} 15. Bxc6 {This eliminates
one enemy but there still remains sufficient reserves. 15 Bf3
would also have lost quickly after 15…Bxf3, followed by
…Rf6.} bxc6 16. Rc2 {If 16 Re1 then 16…fxg3 17 hxg3 Rxf2!
18 Kxf2 Bc5+.} Bxc3 {The most exact. In the continuation from
the plausible 16…f3 white would have been able to stop the
direct mating threats with 17 h4! Bxc3 18 Rxc3 fxe2 19 Qb3+,
followed by 20 Re1 etc.} 17. Rxc3 Bxe2 18. Qb3+ Kh8 19. Re1
Qh3 {! This reveals the idea behind the exchange on the
sixteenth move. For the only plausible move, 20 f3, I had
prepared mate in eight moves: 20…fxg3! 21 Rxe2 Rxf3 22 Rc1
Raf8 23 Qd1 (or 23 Rg2 gxh2+ and mate in two) Rf2! 24 Rxf2
gxf2+ 25 Kh1 f1 (Q)+ etc.} 20. Bxe5 {After this move Black has
the agreeable choice between mate with 20…f3 or with
20…Bf3.} f3 {!} 0-1

[Event “Bled”]
[Site “Bled SVN”]
[Date “1931.09.17”]
[EventDate “1931.08.23”]
[Round “19”]
[Result “0-1”]
[White “Aron Nimzowitsch”]
[Black “Alexander Alekhine”]
[ECO “B14”]
[WhiteElo “?”]
[BlackElo “?”]
[PlyCount “72”]

1. e4 { Notes by Raymond Keene. } c6 2. d4 d5 3. exd5 cxd5
4. c4 {Later in life Nimzowitsch took to playing what we now
call the Panov-Botvinnik Attack: 3 exd5 cxd5 4 c4. Botvinnik
is another player whose openings are influenced by
Nimzowitsch, who played this line before anyone had heard of
Panov or Botvinnik! } 4…Nf6 5. Nc3 Nc6 6. Nf3 Bg4 7. cxd5
Nxd5 8. Bb5 Qa5 9. Qb3 {!} Bxf3 10. gxf3 Nxc3 11. Bxc6+ {? It
was Alekhine, against Winter at London 1932, who improved on
this with 11 bxc3 e6 12 d5! } 11…bxc6 12. Qb7 {?} Nd5+
13. Bd2 Qb6 {!} 14. Qxa8+ Kd7 15. O-O {If 15 a4 Nc7 16 a5 Qxb2
17 Qxa7 Qxa1+ } 15…Nc7 16. Ba5 Nxa8 17. Bxb6 Nxb6 18. Rfc1
e6 19. Rc2 Be7 20. Rac1 Bg5 21. Rd1 Rb8 22. Rc5 Nd5 23. Ra5
Rb7 24. Rd3 Bd8 25. Rb3 Rxb3 26. Rxa7+ Nc7 27. axb3 Bf6
28. Rb7 {If 28 Ra4 Nb5! } 28…Bxd4 29. Rb8 Bxb2 30. h3 f5
31. Kf1 Nd5 32. Kg2 Be5 33. Ra8 Nf4+ 34. Kh2 Nd3+ 35. Kg1 Ne1
36. Ra7+ Bc7 0-1